HIGHLY SENSITIVE AND SPECIFIC LOW-COST LAB-ON-A-CHIP SYSTEM FOR LYME DISEASE DIAGNOSIS
 

HOW TO DIAGNOSE LYME DISEASE

According to the symptoms and ailments in the three stages in which a Lyme disease typically proceeds (time specification after the tick bite):

  • Stage I (after days up to weeks): "bullĀ“s eye rash" ("Erythema chronicum migrans", only in 40 - 70% of all cases), Borrelia-lymphozytom, headaches, fever, sweating, feebleness.
  • Stage II (after weeks up to months): inflammation of the brain, meninges, spinal cord, all nerves in the body, arthritis, joints and muscle pain, inflammation of the eyes, liver, kidneys, cardiac muscle, pericardium, cardiac arrhythmia.
  • Stage III (after months up to years): Thinning of the skin at the back of the hand "Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans"), Borrelia-Lymphozytom (ear, nose, scrotum), loss of verve, clouding of consciousness, parasthesia, inflammation of muscles and joints and turgors, tendinitis, bursitis, inflammation of blood vessels, infection of the cardiac muscle, depression.

Symptoms of the Lyme disease occur in thrusts with alternating intensity and appearance in contrast to organic illnesses. Many patients also suffer from slightly higher temperature during those thrusts. Accompanying infections with other bacteria occur increasingly often and lead to a complicated course of the disease. Often a tick bite is not identified early enough or the immediate treatment of the general practitioner is not sufficient. As a result the chronically-ill Lyme disease patients undergo a true martyrdom as they also suffer from the fact that besides their physical and mental illness they do not get a satisfactory diagnosis and no one takes their illness seriously.

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